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As the first Atlantic tropical storm of the season, named Arthur, appears, USA TODAY Network explains how storms get their monikers and why some are never used again. According to the World Meteorological Organization, Initially, storms were named “arbitrarily,” but starting in 1953, meteorologists began using names from a predetermined alphabetical list. Names are proposed by members of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. The first lists had only female names, and in 1978, male names were added and alternated with the female names, according to the National Hurricane Center.

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